Upholstery cleaning codes W, S, WS, and X
the most commonly found codes in the field of furniture and upholstery cleaning. If you are seeking to have your furniture cleaned, first you should seek out the cleaning code for your materials.
Having fabrics other than leather are nice because they breathe, have more pattern options, and are also made in a wide range of material options. Though, when it comes to cleaning, textiles take a downfall. So here, I would like to help you discover the proper cleaning methods for your furniture.
Before we get into the trenches though, remember, these cleaning methods are for light soiled fabrics or spots on your furniture. If you have a highly soiled piece of furniture with years of child and pet abuse these cleaning methods are not likely to return your furniture to a new state. In fact, even the most deep cleaning procedures may not be effective enough. Similar to other textiles, once large amounts of soil have worked its way past the surface material, removing it is no simple task. So, take care to clean before it regularly and it will last you much longer.
The four most common cleaning codes found on fabric furniture are W, S, WS, and X. Simply put this means Wet, Solvent, Wet/Solvent, or Vacuum only.
Wet (W) cleaning means the use of steam cleaning or hot water extraction are acceptable means of cleaning your furniture. It also means that you can use water based cleaning agents and a clean towel to dab out some spots. It is best to use plain white towels when cleaning so you do not transfer any color die onto the furniture.
Solvent (S) cleaning means that the fabric is sensitive to water and wetting it may leave permanent water rings or cause the material to shrink. In order to prevent these damages to the item, use solvent based cleaners. Solvents are used to break down soiled oily spots and leave the area dry. It is best to vacuum after these types of applications to remove the soil which has been separated from the fabric.
No cleaning (X) is found when you furniture is not meant to be cleaned. This type of material is only meant to be vacuumed and brushed to remove dry soils. In the case that your material is marked for no cleaning, you may try cleaning a small area that is not exposed to test the affects on the material. Though the manufacturer does not recommend it, the risk is left to you. The reason is because shrinking, staining, or distortion of the surface pile may occur. In some cases, the damage caused by the cleaner is considerably less noticeable than a hideous stain.Wet cleaning and solvent cleaning (WS) fabrics use both types of cleaning methods on different spots. It is recommended that for oily areas, solvents are to be used, and for water based spots, water based cleaners are to be used. The best procedure for these types of fabrics is to first use wet cleaning methods. Most likely wet cleaning methods will remove almost anything. Then if that fails, try solvents. Of if you find solvent cleaning easier, you can swap it around. Having an options is nice.
Unmarked fabrics are commonly found. For furniture that does not have a cleaning code marking, tag, or information always test cleaning agents before using. If you can identify the manufacturer, contact them for proper cleaning procedures. More than likely they can provide the proper information.
If you decide to try cleaning spots yourself, read your product label carefully and thoroughly. Always test the product on an area of your furniture that will not be seen before using.
In any case of cleaning do not over agitate your area. When using the correct products, the chemistry should do most of the work. Scrubbing, scraping, and over agitating stain areas may distort the fabric and permanently damage the area. The use a a horsehair brush or similar is recommended.
This information is for professional use. You can try cleaning it yourself of you can leave it up to the professional that does this kind of thing regularly. Use this information as you want but at your own risk.